Shabbat Parashat Nitzavim Vayeilech| 5764
Nitzavim Vayeilech | | 1/8/2004
Our first parasha opens with a brit (covenant) between BneiYisrael and Hashem, as they are about to enter Eretz Yisrael. As the pasuk says, “You are standing here today...for you to pass into the covenant of Hashem” (Devarim 29:9-11). This brit is the third covenant in the Torah. The first covenant was the Brit Bein Hab’tarim, at the time of Avraham Avinu. The second was the brit at Har Sinai with the receiving of the Torah, as it says, “Behold, here is the blood of the covenant that Hashem has sealed with you” (Shemot 24:8).
Case: A couple who were married civilly in Russia separated after living together in Israel for some time. In such a case, the standing practice is to have a get given misafek (out of doubt) despite the absence of a formal, Jewish marriage. What financial obligations does the husband have to his wife under these circumstances? (There was no written agreement between the couple prior or during their marriage.)
“What does Hashem your G-d ask from you but to fear …’ (Devarim 10:12). Is fear such a small thing? Yes, in regard to Moshe it was a small thing”(Megilla 25a). The purpose of Torah is to bring us to fear Hashem, as the pasuk says, “The day you stood … at Horeb … I had them hear my words so that they should learn to fear Me” (Devarim 4:10). So too, the king is to read from the Torah in order to fear Hashem. So is it a simple thing or is it the ultimate goal?
This edition of Hemdat Yamim
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).