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Shabbat Parashat Masei 5776

Parashat Hashavua: Quick Review, Long-Term Memories

Harav Shaul Yisraeli based on Siach Shaul, p. 464-466

Our parasha not only ends Sefer Bamidbar but also summarizes it. Close to 40 years in the desert, which were crucial in setting the nature of Am Yisrael from then and on, pass before us as if by a blink of the eye. “They travelled and they encamped …” over and over again. Hearing all the names of places read, the congregation is (almost) bored. In actuality, we are reviewing times that included highly important and prototypical events, from which we are to learn for generations. How appropriate are R. Tanchuma’s words (cited in Rashi, Bamdibar 33:1), comparing it to one who took his son on a trip to a distant doctor to heal him. When they came back after a successful treatment, they reminisced about the different stages they were at in different locations. Memories! Some happy and hopeful, some sad and depressing. However, they all are enriching in their own way in building a set of experiences with an eye toward the future. 

Moshe Rabbeinu stood on the threshold of the Promised Land at the end of the long trek. A lot had changed. A new generation had replaced the one that left Egypt, and they were ready to complete the historical process that the Exodus started. What would they learn from the past? Moshe reviewed with them, with mere hints, but it was enough.

The first pasuk on the matter: “They travelled from Pi Hachirot, and they passed in the midst of the sea to the desert” (ibid. 8). It is written without details or apparent emotion. But it hints at such a wondrous event, which turned the world of nature on its head. Afterward, they move on to the desert, which our haftara describes so poignantly as a scary and dangerous place (Yirmiya 2:6). After the large step forward, events crop up from every angle in what looks like an artificial manner.

Hashem did not lead the nation by the coastal road, despite and actually because it was too close (Shemot 13:17). The voyage from Egypt to the Promised Land cannot appear close. It is not just a geographic move; it is a change in mindset. The Land of Canaan, which turns into the Land of Israel, must be a total contrast to the land and the culture of Egypt. The route has to change and instead of a straight line, they have to go through the sea to the desert.

In the desert, a new generation blossoms, one which is disconnected from the culture and abominations of Egypt. Through the ups and downs and steps forward and backward in the desert, the process of Exodus is completed. 42 segments of the journey all dedicated to finishing the Exodus and preparing to enter the Land.

While the Torah portion focuses on the above elements, the haftara, set for the Three Weeks, deals with the collapse of the nation, culminating in the exodus from Yerushalayim. The prophet painfully rebukes the people for forgetting that they had left Egypt for good: “What interest do you have in the way to Egypt and Assyria?” (based on Yirmiya 2:18).

May it be His will that these two important historical stations – leaving Egypt and leaving Yerushalayim – can serve for us as well as a roadmap to deal with the changing challenges that we experience in our time. Chazak chazak v’nitchazeik!

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