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Shabbat Parashat Mishpatim 5772
Mishpatim | 25 Shvat 5772 | 18/02/2012
Parashat Hashavuah: Judging “Shofet”Parashat Mishpatim (statutes) is a good time to look into the beracha in Shemoneh Esrei about righteous judges: “Return our shoftim (judges) … and our yoatzim (advisors) as originally …” The language is based on the prophecy of Yeshaya (1:26), which tells of the time when justice will return to Yerushalayim, which is a stage in its ultimate redemption (ibid. 27). Thus, the beracha seems focused on the return to authentic and honest Jewish jurisprudence, which had existed from the time of Moshe Rabbeinu even before Yitro came with his judicial recommendations (see Shemot 15:25). However, the beracha continues: “and rule over us, You, Hashem … King who loves charity and justice.” What is the connection between just human judges and Divine rule over the world?
Ask the Rabbi: Mashing and mixing avocado salad on ShabbatIs it permitted to make guacamole (mashed avocado, mixed with onions, oil, lemon juice, etc.) on Shabbat?
Ein Ayah: Balance Between Fear of Hashem and Appreciation of the PositiveEven at the time of Hashem’s anger, he remembers the tzaddikim, as the pasuk says: “It was when Hashem destroyed the cities of the flatlands, Hashem remembered Avraham and delivered Lot from the midst of the upheaval” (Bereishit 19:29).
P'ninat Mishpat: A Worker’s Commitment to a Third Party – part IIThe defendant (=def) worked for a business that marketed and distributed clothing. She asked a printing company (=pl) to design and print 5,000 advertisements. The clothing company closed abruptly and the owner disappeared, and it is not likely that he will pay off his commitments. Pl is suing def personally for the work it performed at her request. Pl claims that def introduced herself as the owner of the company. Def says that she said, from the outset, that she was a worker. A worker at pl said that def did not state explicitly her position but gave the impression that she ran the business. [Last time, we substantiated why, according to pl’s story, def would be obligated. Now, we will discuss how to determine to what extent to accept one version of the story over the other.]
This edition of
is endowed by
Les & Ethel Sutker
Louis and Lillian Klein, z”l
This edition of
Rabbi Shlomo Merzel o.b.m,
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).