Shabbat Parashat Matot| 5766
Matot | | 01/01/2005
The first of the three, important haftarot leading up to Tisha B’Av is taken from the very beginning of Sefer Yirmiyahu. Yirmiyahu’s activities are dated as follows: “That Hashem’s word was to him in the days of Yoshiyahu ben Amon, in the thirteenth year of his reign. And it was in the days of Yehoyakim ben Yoshiyahu, King of Yehuda, until the completion of eleven years of the reign of Tzidkiyahu ben Yoshiyahu, King of Yehuda, until Yerushalayim was exiled in the fifth month” (Yirmiyahu 1:2-3). Why does the pasuk mention separately Yirmiyahu’s activity at the time of Yoshiayahu and then again at the time of his sons?
our beit din’s Rules and Regulations (chap. 8) it is written: “There will be no appeals based on circumstances that were brought up after the end of the proceedings or based on proofs and facts that were not brought before the ruling court panel.” The question of the ability to bring new evidence to change a ruling after it is complete is discussed in Sanhedrin 31a.
The gemara (Sanhedrin 47b) relates that people took earth from Rav’s grave to use as medicine. Shmuel said that this was permitted because the dirt was part of the ground, and ground cannot become forbidden. This idea is learned from the proximity of words (hekesh) in Melachim (II, 23:5) between idolatry and graves. Only if one worships idolatry that is detached from the ground does it become forbidden in benefit, not if he worships the ground. So too, the earth of a grave does not become forbidden.
This edition of Hemdat Yamim is dedicated to the memory of
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).