Shabbat Yom Kippur 5774
Yom Kippur | 10 Tishrei 5774 | 14/09/2013
As we see from Yom Kippur’s morning Torah reading, a major focus of the practical mitzvot of the day is the service performed, primarily by the Kohen Gadol, in the Beit Hamikdash. This is a major part of the process of atonement of the day, even though we are able to receive a serious degree of atonement “on our own,” by means of our repentance, our fulfillment of the mitzvot of the day, and itzumo shel yom, the day’s essence.
I have great difficulty being alert if I do not wash my face in the morning. May I do so on Yom Kippur, considering that it is not for enjoyment but to allow me to function?
When our rabbis entered Kerem B’Yavneh (the Vineyard in Yavneh), present were Rabbi Yehuda, Rabbi Yossi, Rabbi Nechemia, and Rabbi Elazar the son of Rabbi Yossi Hagelili. They all opened by honoring the hosts and expounded Torah ideas. Rabbi Yehuda, the one who always spoke first, started by discussing the honor of Torah and said …
Reuven borrowed an object from Shimon, and when Reuven went to his house to return it, Shimon was not there, so Reuven left it with his wife or his dependent children. As it happened, the object was lost or stolen before Shimon found out that it had been returned. The mishna (Bava Metzia 98b) says that if a borrower sends the borrowed object back to the owner even with the owner’s children or servants, it is still the borrower’s responsibility. We see then that returning the object to members of the owner’s household is not like returning it to the owner himself. The rationale is along the lines of Rabbi Elazar’s statement (Bava Kama 57a): all cases of returning must be with the owner’s knowledge, except returning a lost item, where the Torah indicates that there are multiple ways of returning it.
Rabanit Itah bat Chana
Mr. Eliyahu ben Sara Carmel
amongst the sick
of Klal Yisrael
This edition of
Yechezkel Shraga Brachfeld
is endowed by
Les & Ethel Sutker
Louis and Lillian Klein, z”l
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).