Shabbat Parashat Devarim| 5763
Devarim | | 13/01/2002
The sefer of Devarim is unique in several ways, some of which we will at least mention. We hope our discussion serves as a springboard for thought and future study. Chazal refer to Devarim as “Mishneh Torah,” based on the pasuk (Devarim 17:18), which, paradoxically, refers to the entire Torah (see Sifrei, ad loc.) This term hints at the nature of the content of the sefer, which is primarily a review. As R. Akiva (Chagiga 6b) said:
The basic numerical rule regarding ona’ah is stated by Rava in Bava Metzia 50b. If the level of mispricing is less than one sixth, the sale stands as is. If it is greater than a sixth, the entire sale is void, and the money and object are returned to the original owners. If the mispricing is a sixth, then the sale stands, but money changes hands until the amount paid conforms to the proper one.
A philanthropist pledged a large sum of money to a non-profit organization for a building project but died before fulfilling the pledge. He appointed executors to distribute a portion of his estate among tzedaka causes, according to their judgment. The executors decided not to honor the pledge but preferred to use that sum for other institutions.
This edition of Hemdat Yamim is
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).