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Shabbat Parashat Vaetchanan| 5763
Vaetchanan | | 13/01/2002
The Responsibility of Religious LeadershipIn our parasha we find Moshe Rabbeinu diligently setting up arei miklat (cities of refuge) on the eastern bank of the Jordan River. Moshe understood that ensuring the peaceful life of the inhabitants is among the responsibilities of the religious leader, as well. A halacha in this same vein deals with the kohen gadol (high priest) and the arei miklat.
P’ninat MishpatWe discussed how mispricing by a sixth is a critical cut off point in regard to ona’ah. A frustrating issue in trying to apply the halachot in the modern market system is determining from which point to calculate the sixth. Is there always one going rate? Apparently at the time of the gemara, prices were pretty much set at a given time and place, and ona’ah was in relation to that going rate.
Moreshet ShaulWe introduced last week the case of a philanthropist who promised a non-profit organization money to build and died, and the executors of his will wanted to give the tzedaka portion of the will to other organizations. We mentioned, among other things, that there is a halachic doubt on the question if an oral pledge to tzedaka is binding. Since the other tzedaka organizations do not have possession of the money, the organization that was already promised money has precedence.
Ask the RabbiQuestion: In some shuls, the Torah is covered after the kriya, before the oleh (one who has the aliya) makes his second beracha. Doesn’t covering the Torah make it considered as if it is not there, as it does with challot during kiddush? If so, can you make a beracha like this?
This edition of Hemdat Yamim is
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).