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Shabbat Parashat R'ei 5783

R'ei | 25 Av 5783 | 12/08/2023

P'ninat Mishpat: Rights of a Yishuv on Peripheral Land part I

The plaintiff (=pl) is a yishuv in Yehuda/Shomron. The defendant (=def) planted an orchard on unused land outside the yishuv without permission from anyone, which has been the subject of litigation for years. When pl wanted to build an access road for the yishuv through the orchard, a beit din ruled: def must acknowledge that he does not own the land and allow pl to build as needed; pl will reimburse def for taking land def has been cultivating. The sides signed an agreement based on this ruling. It includes provisions for compensation for def but requires him to receive permission if he wants to expand the orchard. A later agreement dealt with defs erecting structures on the land and allowed pl to build housing on the land in return for compensation. Years later, pl decided to charge def and other businesses in the yishuv and its periphery taxes and security charges, claiming it is unfair for businesses to benefit while only residents pay. This would cost def tens of thousands of NIS a year. Pl now demands payment retroactively for the years that def refused to pay. Pl also demands part of the profits for the sale of part of defs operations. Def claims that pl cannot demand taxes on defs orchard because the land is outside pls jurisdiction. Also, standard practice is for yishuvim to not charge farmers who cultivate the land around them, as it adds staying power and serves as a security buffer for the yishuv. It is also not right to change the rules years after def is on the land.


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Nir Rephael ben Rachel Bracha
Ori Leah bat Chaya Temima

Arye Yitzchak ben Geula Miriam

Neta bat Malka

Meira bat Esther
Yerachmiel ben Zlotta Rivka

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Kislev 14, 5783


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Iyar 10, 5771

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Tishrei 9 ,5776 / Tishrei 20, 5782


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Tishrei 20 ,5781


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Tevet 16 ,5780


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Sebbag, z"l


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Cheshvan 13, 5778


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Adar 28, 5781


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Av 30, 5781


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Adar II 17, 5782


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Adar II 18, 5782


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A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, ztl, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).

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