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Shabbat Parashat R'ei 5783

R'ei | 25 Av 5783 | 12/08/2023




P'ninat Mishpat: Rights of a Yishuv on Peripheral Land part I

The plaintiff (=pl) is a yishuv in Yehuda/Shomron. The defendant (=def) planted an orchard on unused land outside the yishuv without permission from anyone, which has been the subject of litigation for years. When pl wanted to build an access road for the yishuv through the orchard, a beit din ruled: def must acknowledge that he does not own the land and allow pl to build as needed; pl will reimburse def for taking land def has been cultivating. The sides signed an agreement based on this ruling. It includes provisions for compensation for def but requires him to receive permission if he wants to expand the orchard. A later agreement dealt with defs erecting structures on the land and allowed pl to build housing on the land in return for compensation. Years later, pl decided to charge def and other businesses in the yishuv and its periphery taxes and security charges, claiming it is unfair for businesses to benefit while only residents pay. This would cost def tens of thousands of NIS a year. Pl now demands payment retroactively for the years that def refused to pay. Pl also demands part of the profits for the sale of part of defs operations. Def claims that pl cannot demand taxes on defs orchard because the land is outside pls jurisdiction. Also, standard practice is for yishuvim to not charge farmers who cultivate the land around them, as it adds staying power and serves as a security buffer for the yishuv. It is also not right to change the rules years after def is on the land.


Dedication

We daven for a complete and speedy refuah for:

Nir Rephael ben Rachel Bracha
Ori Leah bat Chaya Temima

Arye Yitzchak ben Geula Miriam

Neta bat Malka

Meira bat Esther
Yerachmiel ben Zlotta Rivka

Together with all cholei Yisrael


Hemdat Yamim is dedicated

to the memory of:

Those who fell in wars

for our homeland

 

Prof. Yisrael Aharoni z"l

Kislev 14, 5783

 

Rav Shlomo Merzel z”l
Iyar 10, 5771


Rav Reuven & Chaya Leah Aberman z"l
Tishrei 9 ,5776 / Tishrei 20, 5782

 

Mr. Shmuel & Esther Shemesh z"l

Sivan 17 / Av 20

 

Mr. Moshe Wasserzug z"l

Tishrei 20 ,5781

 

R' Eliyahu Carmel z"l

Rav Carmel's father

Iyar 8 ,5776

 

MrsSara Wengrowsky

bat R’ Moshe Zev a”h.

Tamuz 10 ,5774

 

Rav Asher & Susan Wasserteil z"l
Kislev 9 / Elul 5780

 

R' Meir ben

Yechezkel Shraga Brachfeld z"l

&

MrsSara Brachfeld z"l

Tevet 16 ,5780

 

R 'Yaakov ben Abraham & Aisha

and

Chana bat Yaish & Simcha

Sebbag, z"l

 

Rav Yisrael Rozen z"l
Cheshvan 13, 5778

 

Rav Benzion Grossman z"l
Tamuz 23, 5777

 

R' Abraham & Gita Klein z"l

Iyar 18,  /5779Av 4

 

Rav Moshe Zvi (Milton) Polin z"l
Tammuz 19, 5778

 

R' Yitzchak Zev Tarshansky z"l

Adar 28, 5781

 

Nina Moinester z"l

Nechama Osna bat

Yitzhak Aharon & Doba

Av 30, 5781

 

Rabbi Dr. Jerry Hochbaum z"l

Adar II 17, 5782

 

Mrs. Julia Koschitzky z"l

Adar II 18, 5782

 

Mrs. Leah Meyer z"l

Nisan 27, 5782

 

Mr. Shmuel & Rivka Brandman z"l

Tevet 16 5783/ Iyar 8, 5781

 
R' Yitzchak Eizik Usdan z"l
 
ben Yehuda Leib,
Av 29

Hemdat Yamim
is endowed by
Les z"l  & Ethel Sutker
of Chicago, Illinois
in loving memory of
Max and Mary Sutker
& Louis and Lillian Klein z”l

Hemdat Yamim

A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, ztl, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).

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