Hebrew | Francais


> > Archive

Shabbat Parashat Beshalach 5782

Parashat Hashavua: Song of Men, Not Angels

Harav Shaul Yisraeli from Siach Shaul, p. 224-5

After Bnei Yisrael were saved and the Egyptians were drowned at Yam Suf, the angels wanted to sing before Hashem, but Hashem responded: “The work of My hands are drowning in the sea and you are singing before Me?” (Sanhedrin 39b). On the other hand, Bnei Yisrael were allowed to sing and were praised for doing so at that time.

The famous distinction between the angels and Israel was that since Bnei Yisrael were the beneficiaries of the miracle, they were allowed to sing. But this singing had historically powerful impact, as Shemot Rabba (23:1) says that it set the throne of Hashem in the world. Therefore, it is difficult to view this event and reaction as something that caused any displeasure to Hashem.

There were two opposing and opposite worlds in creation before man was created – the world of spirituality, including the angels, and the world of animalistic physicality, in our world. When Hashem asked for the angels’ opinion about creating man, they objected (see Tehilim 8:5; Sanhedrin 38b). They were troubled by a creation that is a mix between the two worlds.         

It was Hashem’s kindness to grant His creation some of His likeness (see Bereishit 1:26) and enable man to be not only a creation but also a creator (see Sanhedrin 65b). This is possible because of man’s ability to unite within him these two worlds. Man can also give an advantage to one world over the other, as he can be involved in a battle between the world of material and the world of spirit, a battle that can have cosmic implications.

The more the power of spirituality in man increases, the more it is opposed by an opposing force, as Chazal said: “The greater a person is, the greater his evil inclination is” (Sukka 52a). The more he succeeds, the more he is opposed by powers of impurity. However, at the end of the struggle, sanctity can prevail as the victor, as Ovadia describes in the battle between Israel and Edom (Ovadia 1:21).

The angels are unable to conquer the world of material because they have no point of connection with it. Man can, as occurred when Bnei Yisrael stood at the sea and showed belief in Hashem and travelled straight into it (Shemot 14:22). Although the Egyptians followed them into the sea, they did not have the power of self-sacrifice that Israel had. In that way, there was a decisive victory for the power of spirituality in the world. It was for that reason that it was time to sing. It was not a song that applied to angels, but a song of man, who was able to take part in the battle that brought a crucial victory for the side of spirituality that changed the world.

Top of page
Print this page
Send to friend


We daven for a complete and speedy refuah for:

Nir Rephael ben Rachel Bracha
Yisrael ben Rivka

Rivka Reena bat Gruna Natna

Arye Yitzchak ben Geula Miriam

Neta bat Malka

Meira bat Esther

Together with all cholei Yisrael

Hemdat Yamim is dedicated

to the memory of:

Those who fell in wars

for our homeland


Rav Shlomo Merzel z”l
Iyar 10, 5771

Reuven & Chaya Leah Aberman z"l
Tishrei 9
,5776 / Tishrei 20, 5782


Mr. Shmuel & Esther Shemesh z"l

Sivan 17 / Av 20


Mr. Moshe Wasserzug z"l

Tishrei 20 ,5781


R' Eliyahu Carmel z"l

Rav Carmel's father

Iyar 8 ,5776


Mr. Zelig & Mrs. Sara Wengrowsky

Tevet 25 5782 / Tamuz 10 ,5774


Rav Asher & Susan Wasserteil z"l
Kislev 9 / Elul 5780

RMeir ben

Yechezkel Shraga Brachfeld z"l


Mrs. Sara Brachfeld z"l

Tevet 16 ,5780


RYaakov ben Abraham & Aisha


Chana bat Yaish & Simcha

Sebbag, z"l


Rav Yisrael Rozen z"l
Cheshvan 13, 5778


Rav Benzion Grossman z"l
Tamuz 23, 5777


R' Abraham Klein z"l

Iyar 18 ,5779


Mrs. Gita Klein z"l

Av 4


Rav Moshe Zvi (Milton) Polin z"l
Tammuz 19, 5778


R' Yitzchak Zev Tarshansky z"l

Adar 28, 5781

Nina Moinester z"l

Nechama Osna bat Yitzhak Aharon & Doba

Av 30, 5781


R' Chaim Leib ben

Michael Kreisel z"l

Shevat 2


Hemdat Yamim
is endowed by
z"l  & Ethel Sutker
of Chicago, Illinois
in loving memory of
Max and Mary Sutker
& Louis and Lillian Klein z”l

site by entry.
Eretz Hemdah - Institute for Advanced Jewish Studies, Jerusalem All Rights Reserved | Privacy Policy. | Terms of Use.