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Shabbat Parashat Nitzavim Vayeilech 5771
Nitzavim Vayeilech | 25 Elul 5771 | 24/09/2011
Parashat Hashavuah: How Does the Nation Become More Holy?Last week we dealt with the pasuk “all of your nation are righteous, forever they will inherit the Land,” wondering if and how this could really be true and citing several diverse explanations. The final explanation we cited was that the collective is always viewed as on the level of tzaddikim, even when the sum of its parts is lacking. Therefore, the best and almost only way to come through the Days of Judgment successfully is to be closely connected to Klal Yisrael. In order to accomplish this, one needs to follow a path of partnership with all elements of the nation. Recognizing the national aspect of our people is a fundamental and necessary part of this process. Otherwise, the whole is indeed the sum of its parts, and we are asking for trouble when the necessary merits turn up short. We will continue along these lines this week.
Ask the Rabbi: Blowing Shofar After ShulThe 100 shofar blasts on Rosh Hashana are much more than the Torah requires. Yet, some people blow even more after shul. Isn't there a point where enough is enough?
Ein Ayah: Separating Oneself from the GroupHow does one do a zimun? If there are three people including him, he says: “Let us bless….” If there are three plus him, he says: “You bless …” Shmuel said: One should never take himself out of the klal (group/collective).
P'ninat Mishpat: Complaints about the Sale of a Hekdesh PropertyA hekdesh (property set aside for philanthropic/religious use) was bought in Tel Aviv to be used for a shul for Iraqi Jews. The neighborhood turned into a commercial district, and the shul is used only for Yamim Noraim. Parts of the building have been rented out (proceeds paying the shul’s expenses) for a long time to businesses, including the plaintiff (=pl), which has “protected tenant” status. The hekdesh’s guardian died and beit din, which is entrusted with supervising hekdeshot, appointed a new one, who recommended selling the property on condition that a minyan will remain at the place during Yamim Noraim. Pl objects to the sale, questioning beit din’s authority to liquidate the hekdesh and claiming that, as an existing tenant, he should have been given first choice to buy the property. Although pl is offering less than the proposed buyer of the property, it claims that their bid is equivalent since pl will otherwise have to be compensated due to their protected tenant status.
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A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).