Shabbat Parashat Vayishlach| 5763
Vayishlach | | 10/01/2002
One of the first commandments which Ya’akov received upon returning to Eretz Yisrael was: “Get up and go up to Beit El and dwell there and erect there an altar for the G-d who appeared to you, as you fled your brother, Eisav” (Bereishit 35:1). This journey to Beit El completed a personal, historical cycle. It was, after all, there that Hashem appeared to Ya’akov and promised him that he would return unharmed to the land that was promised to him and his offspring (see Bereishit 28:13-15). Rashi (35:1) sees this command as a sign of criticism of Ya’akov, saying: “get up- because you have delayed on the road, you were punished, and this is what transpired to your daughter (the rape of Dina).”
We saw last week that a widow receives support (mezonot) from her husband’s estate after his death. This, however, continues only as long as she is content to live as the widow of the deceased. According to one opinion in the gemara (Ketubot 54a), once she starts acting in a way which indicates that she is preparing for remarriage (which is certainly reasonable behavior), she no longer is entitled to mezonot.
We saw last time that there are two elements to the mitzva of chinuch (educating a minor): to get him cognitively accustomed to the mitzva and to expose him to the spiritual elevation which surrounds a mitzva even when he is not capable of appreciating it cognitively. We saw distinctions between the responsibility of a father in chinuch and that of a mother or beit din.
This edition of Hemdat Yamim is
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).